Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
In the present report, the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health considers occupational health as an integral component of the right to health. The report outlines international human rights and other instruments related to occupational health, and it addresses occupational health in the informal economy, focusing on the needs of vulnerable and marginalized groups. It also addresses the obligation of States to formulate, implement, monitor and evaluate occupational health laws and policies, as well as the requirement for the participation of workers at all stages of those activities. The discussion of State
obligations is followed by the analysis of such occupational health issues as environmental and industrial hygiene; prevention and reduction of the working population‟s exposure to harmful substances; challenges posed by emerging technologies; minimization of hazards in the workplace; and availability and accessibility of occupational health services. The Special Rapporteur then elaborates on the prospective and retrospective components of accountability, as well as remedies for violations related to occupational health. The Special Rapporteur concludes his report with a number of recommendations aimed at strengthening occupational health, as a component of the right to health.
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